Blood management, like many medical and surgical procedures, carries certain risks and benefits. The main benefits of blood management are that it allows people to avoid potential blood reactions and contaminants, address blood supply issues, reduce the risk of anemia, and follow any religious beliefs that require them to avoid blood donor products. The risks and benefits of blood management methods compared to traditional medicine have not been well studied.
One of the risks of choosing blood management is that if you develop major bleeding and have declined the use of blood donor products, you could experience serious blood loss. Healthy adults can usually lose up to 20 percent of their normal blood volume without suffering permanent damage, possibly more if the loss occurs slowly over time. However, severe blood loss can cause life-threatening complications such as low blood pressure, changes in the acidity of your blood, and decreased oxygen supply, all of which can damage major organs such as the brain, heart and kidneys.
If you are considering a blood management procedure, talk to your doctor first or contact a blood management center to find out if it is a good fit for you.